During the past eleven years, the human rights situation in Qatar has been widely criticized. Among other allegations, there have been reports of workers being exploited. Migrant workers have been required to work in harsh conditions, and many have died or been injured while building the venues for the World Cup. In the United States, a survey found that 54% of Americans believe that FIFA should have not awarded the World Cup to Qatar.
The United Nations has also criticized Qatar for its racial discrimination. In particular, there have been reports of migrant workers being abused and mistreated. Some construction companies have been accused of breaking Qatar’s labour law.
The Qatari government says that conditions for workers have improved. However, some workers are afraid to leave the site where they are working. Migrant workers are also bound by contracts to their employers, and their families cannot travel to Qatar. The government has also been accused of failing to investigate the deaths of migrant workers. The UN’s International Labour Organization has documented inadequate investigations into worker deaths. In addition, women in Qatar are denied access to reproductive health care. They must show their marriage certificate to receive certain forms of sexual health care. Women are also denied access to emergency contraception.
FIFA is the global governing body for soccer, and it is responsible for identifying abuses. It has also been accused of influencing votes and bribery. The governing body adopted the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights in 2017. In September 2017, it issued a human rights policy that it hoped would be implemented by its member nations. It also promised a remedy fund to compensate workers for the World Cup. It is estimated that the remedy fund should reach $440 million. The fund should also be used to compensate families of workers who died while working on the World Cup.
Many migrant workers were abused by construction companies, who are accused of breaking Qatar’s labour law. In one case, workers collapsed after being pulled off the site. Workers were not allowed to leave Qatar for months, and they had to wait to be paid. In some cases, employers refused to renew residence permits. Other employers do not renew the permits, and some workers are fined.
The United Nations’ International Labour Organization has reported that migrant workers are not given access to health care or autopsies. Women in Qatar are also denied access to emergency contraception, and are required to have a marriage certificate to access certain forms of sexual health care. The male guardianship system prevents women from traveling abroad or making reproductive health decisions. The Qatari government has also been accused of failing to investigate worker deaths.
Migrant workers have been integral to the growth of several Persian Gulf states. The “kafala” (sponsorship) system in the region requires permission from an employer to open a bank account. This prevents workers from switching jobs.
According to the UN’s International Labour Organization, the number of worker deaths was too low to determine the exact number. Human Rights Watch has also been critical of the Qatari male guardianship system. A spokesperson for the Emir of Qatar, Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, said the campaign was “fabricated”, adding that the campaign also included “double standards”. He also said that the campaign had “nothing to do with human rights